Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Colubrina A. Rich. ex Brongn., nom. cons.

Scandent or erect shrubs or trees, unarmed or rarely armed. Leaves alternate or opposite, basally 3-nerved or penninerved, petiolate; stipules small, deciduous. Inflorescence axillary, thyrsoid or cymose fascicles. Flowers small, protandrous, 5-merous; calyx, corolla and androecium attached to the rim of hemispheric or shallow floral cup. Calyx lobes 5, spreading, valvate, deltoid, pubescent without, deciduous along the rim of the cup; tube hemispherical. Petals 5, cucullate, obovate, convolute, clawed at base, inserted below the disc. Stamens 5; filaments filiform; anthers ovate. Disc fleshy, annular, flat, and nearly completely surrounding the ovary, accrescent along the cup and adnate to the lower fifth to half of capsule. Ovary inferior, 3-loculed; style 3-celft; stigmas truncate or obtuse. Capsules nearly globular, slightly 3-lobed, dehiscing septicidally into 3 cocci; exocarp thin. Seeds obovoid, compressed, 3-gonous; albumen fleshy, thin; cotyledons flat or incurved; embryo flat.

Mostly in the warmer parts of America, also occurring in Hawaii, Madagascar and S.E. Asia; 31 species, 2 in India.

Notes. In India the genus is characteristic to coastal areas, just above high tide level.


1a. Leaves ovate, basally 3-nerved; lateral nerves 2-3 pairs 1. Colubrina asiatica
b. Leaves elliptic to lanceolate, penninerved; lateral nerves 4-6 pairs 2. Colubrina travancorica

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