Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

JSP Page
Colubrina asiatica (L.) Brongn., Mem. Fam. Rham. 62. 1826 & in Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. 1, 10: 369. 1827; M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 642. 1875. Ceanothus asiaticus L., Sp. Pl. 196. 1753.


Glabrous, straggling, littoral, unarmed shrub, 1-3 m tall; branchlets slender, often zig-zag, internodes 5-45 mm long. Leaves alternate, ovate, 3.0-10.2 x 2.3-6.5 cm, acuminate, broadly rounded to shallowly cordate at base, membranous, crenate, crenatures gland-tipped; petioles 7-22 mm long; stipules 1 mm long, deltoid. Inflorescence a cyme. Flowers yellowish green, 5-6 mm across, fragrant, lower fertile, the upper abortive or staminate; peduncles 2- 6 mm long; pedicels 2-5 mm long, elongating. Calyx lobes 5, 2.5-3 mm long, glabrous; tube glabrescent. Petals yellow, 1.8 mm long, emarginate, glabrous; claw slender. Stamens 1.6 mm long; anthers dorsifixed. Disc 5-lobed, glabro~s. Ovary globose; style 1.5 mm long; stigma truncate. Capsules globose, 8-10 mm across, slightly depressed at top, dehiscent; cocci thin-walled, radial walls membranous, occasionally adherent to the receptacle after dehiscence. Seeds 3, chocolate brown, 4-7 x 4-5 mm, slightly emarginate at the base.

Fl. & Fr. : Dec. - March.

Distrib. India: Near the coasts and just above the high tide level. Orissa, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Australia and S. Africa.

Notes. Johnston (1971) recognises two varieties under this species; the Indian plant is C. asiatica var. asiatica.

Uses. The bark contains saponin, and is reported to be used in Samoa for clearing mats.


JSP Page
  • Search