Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Sarcococca wallichii Stapf in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1916: 37. 1916; Sealy in Hooker’s Icon. Pl. 35: t. 3469. 1947 & in Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 92: 145, f. 4. 1986.


Shrubs or small trees, (0.5 -) 1 - 3 m high, entirely glabrous or with puberulous branches. Leaves narrowly elliptic-oblong, lanceolate-elliptic, lanceolate-oblong to lanceolate, acute or cuneate at base, caudate at apex, 7 – 11 (- 14) x (1.5 -) 2 - 4 cm, chartaceous to thinly coriaceous; lateral nerves slender, 8 - 12 per side (the first pair ascending to 50 - 70% way up the lamina); petioles 7 - 15 (- 20) mm long. Inflorescences axillary, bisexual (1 - 2.5 cm long, consisting of 1 - 2 female flowers at the base and 5 or 6 male flowers above them) or unisexual (up to 1.5 cm long, consisting of 1 or 2 female flowers); rachis occasionally sparsely puberulous; bracts triangular to ovate, 1 - 2 x 0.8 - 1.5 mm. Male flowers: sessile or pedicellate (pedicels up to 2 mm long), usually ebracteolate or rarely 2-bracteolate; sepals 4, ovate to ovate-triangular, 3 - 4 x 1.5 - 3 mm; filaments 5 - 8.5 mm long; anthers narrowly oblong, 1.5 - 2 mm long. Female flowers: 7 - 9 mm long; pedicels 5 - 6 mm long; bracteoles 3 or 4 pairs on pedicels, ovate to triangular, 1 - 2 x 0.8 - 1.5 mm; sepals 5 or 6, ovate, triangular or deltoid, 1.5 - 2.5 x 1 - 2 mm; ovary ovoid, ca 2 x 1.5 mm, glabrous; styles 3, 2 - 3.5 mm long. Fruits subglobose or oblong (? when immature), 8 - 10 x 6 - 8 mm; fruiting pedicels 6 - 8 mm long.



KEY TO THE FORMAS


1a. Small bushy shrubs, up to 1 m high, with puberulous branches; female flowers 5 – 6 mm long 4.1. membranacea
b. Tall shrubs or small trees, 1 – 3 m high, entirely glabrous; female flowers 7 - 9 mm long 4.2. wallichii


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