Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Herbs, usually perennial; stems scapose or subscapose. Basal leaves lanceolate, oblanceolate, obovate or rotund, usually petiolate; cauline leaves entire or dentate. Heads usually solitary or few, 1 - 1.5 cm across, rarely racemose or corymbose. Involucral bracts 2 - 3-seriate; outer herbaceous; inner scarious margined. Ray florets tubular or ligulate, many; ligule white, yellow or reddish. Disc florets hermaphrodite, few or many. Style of female flowers linear; those of disc florets lanceolate, unappendaged. Achenes usually obovate or oblanceolate. Pappus simple or with few outer bristles.

India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Persia, Turkistan, Pamir-Hindukush region; 29 species, 1 in India.




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