Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Dillenia indica L., Sp. Pl. 535, 1753; Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 36. 1872.


Asm.: Otingha; Beng. & Hindi: Chalta; Kan.: Betta-kanagala; Mal.: Chalita, Syalita; Mar.: Mota-karmal; Nep.:Mechiapal, Panchkhul Panchphal, Ramphal; Tam.: Uva; Tel.: Uva, Pedda-kalinga.

Evergreen trees, up to 25 m tall; bark smooth, pealing off in small thin hard scales; branches appressed silky hairy. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, elliptic to oblanceolate, attenuate at base, acute to acuminate at apex, more or less serrate-dentate along margins, 15 - 40 x 5 - 12 cm, glabrous above, strigose especially on nerves beneath; lateral nerves 30 - 50 pairs, prominent beneath; petioles 2.5 - 7.5 cm long. Flowers white, fragrant, solitary, terminal, 15 - 20 cm across; pedicels 4 - 8 cm long, silky hairy; bracts solitary, median on pedicels, lanceolate, ca 5 mm long. Sepals 5, obovate, elliptic, 4 - 6 x 3 - 5 cm, fleshy. Petals obovate, rounded at apex, 7 - 9 x 5 - 6 cm, white with green veins. Outer stamens 13 - 15 mm long, inner ones 20 - 22 mm long, reflexed at apex; filaments white, 5 - 10 mm long. Carpels 14 - 20, each with 40 - 80 ovules on adaxial double placentas; styles flattened, oblanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 18 - 25 mm long, spreading, white. Pseudocarps yellowish green, globular with enclosed sepals, 10 - 12 cm in diam.; fruiting carpels ca 3.5 x 1.5 cm, each with 5 seeds embedded in pulp. Seeds reniform, compressed, ca 6 x 4 mm, reddish, becoming black, echinate with ca 2 mm long hairs along margin.

Fl. May - Aug.; Fr. Sept. - Feb.

Distrib. India: Tropical and subtropical regions, up to 800 m in N.E. region, Gangetic plains, Central India and Western Ghats. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam to Malesia.





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