Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Dillenia retusa Thunb. in Trans. Linn. Soc. 1: 200, t. 19. 1791; Hook. f. & Thomson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 37. 1872.


Evergreen trees, up to 20 m tall. Leaves obovate, obtuse to retuse at apex, 10 - 20 x 7 - 11 cm, glabrous above, strigose on nerves beneath; petioles 1.3 - 2.2 cm. Flowers 6 - 8 cm across, few, in racemes; pedicels 1 - 3 cm long, without bracteoles. Inner 3 sepals larger, orbicular to ovate, ca 2 x 2 cm, silky hairy outside. Petals obovate. Outer stamens 6 - 7 mm long; inner ones ca 1 cm long, with reflexed apices. Carpels 5 - 6, each with 22 - 34 ovules in 2 rows; styles 7 - 8 cm long. Fruits subglobose, 2 - 3 cm across, enclosed in persistent enlarged thickened sepals, orange in colour. Seeds many, ovoid, ca 3 x 2 mm, exarillate.

Fl. & Fr. April- Sept.

Distrib. India: Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

Sri Lanka.




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