Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Ziziphus glabrata Heyne ex Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 159. 1821; M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 633. 1875. Z. trinervia Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2.364. 1824. Z. trinervia var. glabratus Heyne ex Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 159. 1821.

Trees, ca 6 m tall, unarmed; branchlets glabrous. Leaves alternate, lanceolate or ovate-oblong, 1.8-10.3 x 1.3-5.2 cm, apex acute, base rounded or subcordate, crenulate, the crenations tipped with callous points, glabrous, shining, bifarious, basally 3-nerved; petioles 3-9 mm long; stipules filiform, deciduous. Inflorescence axillary fascicles; peduncles 2-3 mm long. Flowers 5-6 mm across, slightly puberulous, yellowish green; pedicels 4-5 mm long. Calyx lobes 2-3 mm long, glabrous within, keeled inside upto middle. Petals obtriangular, 1-2 mm long, acute or rounded at apex. Stamens ca 3 mm long; filaments flattened. Disc faintly 10-lobed, glabrous, fleshy. Ovary glabrous; style 2-cleft, connate up to the middle, curved. Fruits globose or obovate, 10- 11 mm in diam., considerably flattened, 1-2-loculed with a sweet gelatinous pulp. Seeds brownish, soft; embryo erect; cotyledons nearly orbicular; radicle obovate.

Fl. & Fr. : Sept. - Jan.

Distrib. India : In dry plains and in grasslands at low elevations. Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Andaman.

Bhutan and Bangladesh.

Notes. Fruits are noted for their emollient and pectoral properties. They are rather sour, when dried become somewhat sweet. Cultivated varieties have sweet aromatic, mealy whitish pulp and are eaten fresh or sun dried and used in off season. They are also eaten boiled with millet or rice, stewed or baked. A decoction of the leaves is given to purify the blood and as an alternative in veneral diseases.

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