Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Ziziphus incurva Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 364. 1824 & Fl. Ind. 1: 614. 1832; M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 635. 1875.

Nep.: Kookusee.

Large shrubs or small trees, usually unarmed; branches stiff and stout; bark smooth, grey; young shoots, petioles and main nerves strigose. Leaves ovate or ovate-oblong, 5.6-11.3 x 2.2-5.2 cm, apex acute to acuminate, rounded or acute at base, unequal, glabrous, serrulate with hard brown point, shining above, hairy on nerves beneath, membranous, black on drying, obscurely 5- nerved; petioles pubescent; stipules linear, villous, deciduous. Inflorescence dichotomous, 5-10-flowered cymes; peduncles 15 mm long. Flowers 5 mm across; pedicels 2 mm long; bracts ovate. Calyx lobes deltoid, 2-2.5 mm long, keeled up to the middle, acute, rusty tomentose without, glabrous within. Petals subcucullate, 1-1.5 mm long, convex at distal end. Stamens equal to petals; anthers dorsifixed. Disc 10-lobed, glabrous. Ovary bicarpellary; stylar arms straight. Drupes ellipsoid, 2-celled, smooth, shining; putamen thick, hard. Seeds compressed, black.

Fl. & Fr. : April - Dec.

Distrib. India : Frequently on hill tops. Assam, Meghalaya and Tamil Nadu.

Nepal and Bhutan.


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