Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Ziziphus oenoplia (L.) Miller, Gard. Diet. ed. 8: 3. 1768; M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 634. 1875. Rhamnus oenoplia L., Sp. Pl. 194. 1753.

Beng.: Makoh, Makhora, Shiakol, Shyakul, Hindi: Makai; Mal.: Mulli; Mar.: Burgi; Or.: Barokoli; Tel.: Paranu, Pariki; Tam.: Kottei; Tipp.: Ling- Kermrang.

Straggling or climbing shrubs; branchlets fasciculate or not, strigose, often densely rusty tomentose, fluted; nodes slightly enlarged around the leaf scars. Leaves alternate, obliquely ovate or elliptic, 1-6.5 x 0.2-2.9 cm, acuminate, fulvous tomentose or sparsely ferruginous hairy or glabrescent above, basally 3-4 nerved. Inflorescence axillary fascicles or pedunculate cymes. Calyx lobes 1.5-2 mm long, margins thickened, glabrous inside, brownish, apparently hairy without. Petals 0.8-1 mm long, emarginate. Stamens 0.7-0.9 mm long. Disc 10-lobed, pitted or grooved, glabrous; lobes opposite each calyx lobe, emarginate. Ovary glabrous; style 2-cleft, united above the middle; stigma obtuse. Drupes 1-3 together on slender pedicels, globose or ovate, black and shining when ripe, with mealy acrid pulp, 1(-2)-celled. Seeds 1-2, 1 cm long.


1a. Leaves fulvous tomentose above 12.2. oenoplia
b. Leaves sparsely ferruginous hairy or glabrescent above 2
2a. Branchlets fasciculate 12.1. fasciculata
b. Branchlets not fasciculate 3
3a. Flowers borne in axillary fascicles 12.3. pallens
b. Flowers borne in pedunculate cymes 12.4. pedicellaris


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