Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Ampelocissus barbata (Wallich) Planchon in DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 372. 1887. Vitis barbata Wallich in Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 478. 1824; M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 651. 1875.

Lep.: Mikrum-rik; Nep.: Jarila laha.

Large climbers; branches stout, terete, striate, hollow, pubescent to tomentose and with ca 1-2.5 mm long, stiff brown or blackish, glandular- capitate hairs. Leaves simple, broad-ovate, 12-30 x 10-20 cm, acute to acuminate at apex, sometimes 3-lobed, deep-cordate at base, irregularly sinuate-dentate at margins, membranous, glabrous above, rufous hairy or tomentose beneath; petioles 6-12 cm long, glandular-hairy. Inflorescences paniculate; peduncles 5-12 cm long; tendrils branched; primary branch of inflorescence ca 2 cm long; panicles ca 10 cm long. Flowers ca 1.75 mm long; pedicels ca 0.5 mm long, pubescent. Calyx cupular, 5-notched. Petals oblong, incurved at apex, ca 1.7 x 0.8 mm. Stamens ca 1 mm long; anthers ovoid. Disc almost covering the ovary, thick, 5-furrowed. Ovary ca 1 mm across, glabrous; stigma sessile. Berries globose, 7-10 mm across, fleshy, 1-2 -seeded. Seeds elliptic- obovate in outline, ca 6.5 x 4.5 mm, laterally compressed; adaxial surface with a longitudinal ridge; abaxial surface with an elliptic chalazal knot from which very fine, sometimes indistinct fissures radiate towards margin.

Fl. & Fr. : March - Sept.

Distrib. India: Tropical and subtropical forests, up to 1500 m. Uttar Pradesh (Kumaon), West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, NagaJand, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam.

Notes. The fruits are edible.


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