Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Ampelocissus helferi (M. Lawson) Planchon in DC., Monogr,. Phan. 5: 411. 1887. Vitis helferi M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 662. 1875.

Largo climbing shrubs; branches terete, pale tomentose when young. Leaves 5-7-foliolate, pedate, coriaceous, glabrous above; nerves pubescent beneath; petioles 6-10 cm long; terminalleaflets lanceolate, ca 14 x 6 cm, acuminate at apex, attenuate at base, serrate at margins; petiolules ca 2 cm long; lateral leaflets 9-12 x 3.5-5 cm, oblique at base, margins and apex as in terminal leaflets; petiolules ca 1 cm long. Inflorescences racemes of spike, ca 20 cm; peduncles ca 10 cm long, tomentose; tendrils simple, ca 10 cm long, tomentose; primary branch of inflorescence ca 5. cm long; long. Flowers ca 1.5 mm long. Calyx 5-lobed, membranous. Petals ca 1.5 x 0.6 mm. Stamens ca 1 mm long. Disc covering about half of ovary. Ovary ca 1 mm across. Fruits oblong-ovoid.

Distrib. India : Andaman Islands.


Notes. Ampelocissus helferi is the only species under the section Kalocissus of the genus Ampelocissus represented in India. This species was collected again in 1976, after a lapse of more than one hundred years of the type collection, from S. Andaman (N. G. Nair 3666 PBL!).

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