Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cardiospermum canescens Wallich, Pl. As. Rar. 1: 14.t. 14. 1829; Hiern in Fl. Brit. India 1: 670. 1875.

Softly hairy, scandent annuals; stems sulcate. Leaves biternate; petioles up to 5 cm long; petiolules 0.1 - 1 mm long, hairy; leaflets 3 - 5, margins irregularly toothed, both sides hairy, more so on lower surface. Flowers white; in long, peduncled, umbellate cymes arising from the base of a pair of coiled tendrils. Outer sepals rounded, hairy on outer faces. Petals rounded at apex. Style short. Capsules subglobose, 3-angled, sparsely hairy. Seeds globose, smooth, black, with white aril.

Fl. & Fr. : Throughout the greater part of the year.

Distrib. India: Western Ghats and Deccan Plateau. Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.

Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Abyssinia.

Notes. Matthew (Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic 1: 291 - 292. 1983) is of the opinion that the material present in many Indian herbaria and described in Indian Floras under this species is referable to C. halicacabum L. var. luridum (Blume) Adelb. However, the material examined by the author agrees well with the protologue of Cardiospermum canescens Wallich.


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