Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Ampelopsis rubifolia (Wallich) Planchon in DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 463. 1887. Vitis rubifolia Wallich in Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 480. 1824; M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 663. 1875.

Large climbing shrubs, scandent; stems and branches slightly angular, striate, young ones rufous hairy; tendrils forked. Leaves imparipinnate, 12-18 cm long; petioles ca 2.5-6 cm long, rufous hairy; leaflets elliptic-oblong, 5-10 x 2.5-4.5 cm, acuminate at apex, truncate at base (acute in terminal leaflets), crenate-serrate at margins, glabrous above, pubescent on nerves beneath; petiolules ca 1-1.5 cm long in terminal leaflets, 0.1-1 cm in lateral leaflets. Inflorescences dichotomous, umbellate-cymose, ca 10 cm long, pubescent to rufous hairy; peduncles 5-8 cm long, rufous hairy. Flowers ca 2 mm long; pedicels 1-2 mm long, pubescent. Calyx cupular, subtruncate, pubescent. Petals ca 2 mm long. Stamens ca 1 mm long. Disc cupular. Style short; stigma capitate. Berries ca 6 mm across, 2-4 -seeded. Seeds obovoid, ca 4.5 x 4 mm, rugose, abaxial surface convex with a raised spatulate chalaza) knot.

Fl. & Fr. : Aug. - Jan.

Distrib. India : Assam, Meghalaya and Mizoram.

Bangladesh (Sylhet).

Notes. Among the Indian species of the Vitaceae, it can be easily recognised by its imparipinnately compound leaves.

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