Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cayratia geniculata (Blume) Gagnepain in Notu1. Syst. (Paris) 1: 345. 1911. Cissus geniculala Blume, Bijdr. 184. 1825. Vilis geniculala (Blume) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 1: 81. 1863 & in Philipp. J. Sci. Bot. 11: 133. 1916.


Climbing shrubs; branches subterete, striate, pubescent; tendrils forked. Leaves 3-foliolate, glabrous above, pale villous to pubescent beneath; petioles 5-10 cm long, pubescent; terminal leaflets elliptic, 12-20 x 6-10 cm, acute- acuminate at apex, cuneate at base, serrate to subentire at margins, with 9-10 pairs of lateral nerves; petiolules 1.5-6 cm long; lateral leaflets oblique, margins and apex as in terminal leaflets, 12-15 x 5-8 cm; petiolules 1-2.5 cm long. Inflorescences umbellate-cymose, 6-12 cm long; peduncles 4-7 cm long, pubescent. Flowers globose, 2-2.5 mm long, pubescent; pedicels ca 2 mm long. Calyx cupular, truncate. Petals ca 2 x 1 mm. Stamens ca 1 mm long; anthers oblong. Disc thick, 4-notched, covering ovary. Ovary ca 1 mm across; style ca 0.5 mm long; stigma minute. Berries 8-12 mm across, 3- 4 seeded. Seeds ca 6 x 5 mm, adaxial surface with a raised circular pit ca 2 mm in diam., abaxial surface convex with a spathulate chalaza.

Fl. & Fr. : March - Nov.

Distrib. India: Tropical and subtropical forests, between 300-1200 m West Bengal (Darjeeling dist.), Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam and Manipur

Bhutan, Laos, Indonesia (Borneo, Java) ang Philippines.

Notes. Chromosome Number 2n=30 (Petria, E. in Acta Bot. Horti Bucurest.: 23-36. 1967. "1966").




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