Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cayratia pedata (Lam.) Gagnepain, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 346. 1911. Cissus pedata Lam. Encycl. 1: 31. 1783. Columella pedata Lour., Fl. Cochinch: 86. 1790. Vitis pedata (Lam.) Wallich ex Wight, Cat. 26. 1833; Wight & Arn., Prodr. 128. 1834. V. canarensis Dalz. in Hook., Kew J. Bot. 3: 123. 1851; M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 655. 1875.


Large, slender climbing shrubs; branches subterete, pubescent; tendrils branched, pubescent. Leaves (3-) 5-11-foliolate, pedate, pubescent to glabrate; petioles 7-13 cm long; terminal leaflets lanceolate to elliptic, 10-17 x 4-8 cm, acuminate at apex, truncate to cuneate at base, serrate at margins; petiolules 2-5.5 cm long; lateral leaflets 7-15 x 3.5-7 cm, oblique at base, margins and apex as in terminal leaflets; petiolules 1-2 cm long. Inflorescences dichasial cymes, 5-15 cm long; peduncles 2-11 cm long, pubescent. Flowers ca 3 mm long; pedicels 2-3 mm long. Calyx cupular, truncate, pubescent. Petals incurved at apex, 2-2.5 x 1-1.5 mm, pubescent to glabrous. Stamens ca 2 mm long; anthers oblong. Disc cupular, 4-lobed, covering ovary. Ovary ca 1.5 mm across; style subulate; stigma subcapitate. Berries subglobose, flattened at apex, ca 1 cm across, 2-4-seeded. Seeds obelipsoid, ca 6 x 5 mm, adaxial surface with a circular pit in the centre; abaxial surface convex with an elliptic chalazal knot; endosperm crescent-shaped in cross section.



KEY TO THE VARIETIES


1a. Leaves and petals pubescent 5.2. pedata
b. Leaves and petals glabrous 5.1. glabra


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