Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cissus adnata Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 423. 1820 & ed. 2. 1: 405. 1832. Vitis adnata (Roxb.) Wallich ex M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 649. 1875. p.p.

Asm.: Bhatia-lot, Down-rang; Bhoj.: Bod-lar-nar; Mar.: Nadena; Nep.: Pani-lara.

Climbing shrubs, branches subterete, striate, woody, pubescent; tendrils stout, branched. Leaves ovate, 5-12 x 4-9 cm, acute-acuminate at apex, truncate to cordate at base, bristly-serrate at margins, nearly glabrous above, dense pubescent beneath; petioles 3-8 cm long, hairy; stipules ca 3 x 2 mm, glabrous. Inflorescences umbellate cymes, 5-8 cm long, bracteolate; peduncles ca 2- 4 cm long, hairy. Flowers ca 1.7 mm long; pedicels ca 2 mm long, hairy. Calyx cupular, truncate, hairy. Petals oblong, ca 1.2 x 1 mm, acute, hooded, hairy. Stamens ca 1 mm long; anthers ovoid. Disc 4-notched, conspicuous, covering ovary. Ovary ca 1 mm across, pubescent at summit; style stout; stigma minute. Berries obovoid to obellipsoid, ca 5 mm across, black, 1- seeded. Seeds obovoid, ca 6 x 4 mm, oblique at base, tessellated with angular facets on either side of the longitudinally encircling ridged raphe.

Fl. & Fr. : July - Jan.

Distrib. India: West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya, and Orissa.

Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Indo-China, Malesia, Indonesia, Philippines and Australia.

Notes. Chromosome number 2n=20 (Hazra, R. & A. Sharma in Folia Biol. (Cracow) 18: 123-136. 1970); 2n=22 (Sarkar, A.K. et al. in Taxon 31: 579. 1982).

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