Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cissus aristata Blume, Bijdr. 183. 1825. C. simplex Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 1. 72. 1837. C. pyrrhodasys Miq., Fl. Ind Bat. Suppi. 1: 517. 1861. C. adnata auct. non Roxb.; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1: 234. 1918. Vitis adnata auct. non (Roxb.) Wallich; Wight & Arn., Prodr. 126. 1834; Cooke, Fl. Bombay 1: 251. 1902.

Climbing shrubs; branches subterete, striate, woody, tomentose;, tendrils branched. Leaves ovate, 7-13 x 5-11 cm, acute-acuminate at apex, truncate to cordate at base, bristly-serrate at margins, glabrous to tomentose above, arachnoid-hairy beneath; petioles 3-8 cm long, hairy; stipules ca 3 x 2 mm, pubescent. Inflorescences umbellate cymes, 2-6 cm long, bracteolate; peduncles 2-4.5 cm long, hairy. Flowers ca 1.7 mm long; pedicels ca 2 mm long, hairy. Calyx cupular, truncate, hairy. Petals oblong-ovate, ca 1.2 x 1 mm, hooded, hairy. Stamens ca 1 mm long; anthers ovoid. Disc 4-notched, conspicuous, covering ovary. Ovary ca 1 mm across, glabrous; style stout; stigma minute. Berries obellipsoid, ca 5 mm across, 1-seeded. Seeds obovoid, ca 5.5 x 4 mm, oblique at base, tessellated with angular facets on either side of the longitudinally encircling, ridged raphe.

Fl. & Fr. : July - Jan.

Distrib. India : West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Indo-China, Malesia, Indonesia, New Guinea and Philippines.

Notes. This specis has in the past been confused with Cissus adnata Roxb. to which it is closely allied.

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