Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Trees, without persistent bud scales. Leaves alternate, simple or imparipinnate; leaflets subopposite. Inflorescence terminal, sometimes axillary panicles. Flowers numerous, small, bisexual, irregular. Sepals distinct, sometimes surrounded by several persistent small bracts, indistinguishable, altogether (4) 5 - 13. Petals 5, outer 3 larger, convex, inner 2 smaller, entire or bifid, opposite and more or less adherent to the base of fertile stamens. Disc smaller, annular, more or less irregularly 5-dentate. Stamens 5: 3 staminodial, 2 fertile; anthers large, globose. Ovary 2-loculed, each locule with 2 superposed ovules; styles and stigmas simple. Fruits drupaceous, oblong to globose, 1-loculed, 1-seeded. Seeds exalbuminous.

Central & S. America, S.E. Asia, China, Japan; ca 25 species, 5 in India.

Notes. In primary and secondary forests, especially in hills and mountains up to 3300 m, but also in lowlands. Majority of the species prefer everwet to moist, tropical to subtropical countries; these are deciduous and grow flash-wise.

Literature. BEUSEKOM C.F. VAN (1971). Revision of Meliosma (Sabiaceae), Section Lorenzanea excepted, living and Fossil, Geograpby and phylogeny. Blumea 19: 355 - 529.



KEY TO THE SPECIES


1a. Leaves simple 2
b. Leaves compound 4
2a. Nerves straight 1. Meliosma dilleniifolia
b. Nerves curved 3
3a. Inner petals bifid 4. Meliosma simplicifolia
b. Inner petals entire 2. Meliosma henryi
4a. Leaflets glabrous or pubescent, usually dentate; inner petals 0.5 - 1 mm, always distinctly and deeply bifid; ovary glabrous or pubescent. 3. Meliosma pinnata
b. Leaflets glabrous, entire; inner petals 0.5 -2 mm, emarginate to retuse; ovary glabrous 5. Meliosma sumatrana


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