Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cissus arnottiana Shetty & P. Singh in Kew Bull. 44: 473. 1989. Vitis pallida sensu M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 647. 1875, p.p., (non Wight & Arn., 1833). Cissus pallida sensu Planchon in DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 477. 1887, p.p. (non Salisb., 1796).

Kan.: Kandage; Mar.: Girnal; Tam. Nanaminuklci; Tel.: Adavi gummodi, Buradoni, Dotta, Nallatige, Nela gummadi, Tella budari.

Erect shrubs; branches terete, woody, glabrous, glaucous; tendrils when present simple. Leaves suborbicular, 7-20 cm across, sometimes shallowly 3-lobed, shortly acuminate at apex, cordate at base, dentate-serrate at margins with incurved serratures, 7-20 cm across, glabrous; petioles 4-15 cm long. Inflorescences compound, umbellate cymes, 3-7 cm long; peduncles thick, 1.5-5 cm long. Flowers 2.5-3 mm long; pedicels 2-4 mm long, pubescent. Calyx cupular, truncate to obscurely 4-lobed. Petals ovate, ca 2.5 x 1.5 mm, glabrous. Stamens ca 2 mm long; anthers oblong-ovoid. Disc 4-lobed, fleshy, white, covering ovary. Ovary ca 1 mm across, glabrous; style slender. Berries subglobose, 7-8 mm across, mucronate, 1-2-seeded. Seeds 7-8 x 5-6 mm, smooth except for the longitudinally, encircling ridged raphe.

Fl. & Fr. : May - Nov.

Distrib. India: Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Sri Lanka.

Notes. Chromosome number 2n=24 (Patil, V.P. et al. in Curro Sci. 49: 37-38. 1980- as C. pallida sensu Planchon).

Uses. Bruised roots are applied for rheumatic swellings. Leaves and tender fruits are crushed in water and sprinkled on cots to kilt bedbugs. Stem fibre is used for making ropes.

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