Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

JSP Page
Cissus assamica (M. Lawson) Craib in Kew Bull. 31.. 1911. Vitis assamica M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 648. 1875.

Asm.: Amarhlata.

Climbing shrubs; branches subangular, quite glabrous except the young parts. Tendrils simple. Leaves suborbicular, 6-11 (-15) x 5-9 (-11) cm, acuminate at apex, cordate at base, serrate and recurved at margins; subcoriaceous; nerves prominent beneath; petioles 2-7 (-12) cm long; stipules ca 3.5 x 2.5 mm. Inflorescences compound, umbellate cymes, 3-8 cm long; peduncles 1.5-6 cm long. Flowers ca 2.5 mm long, glabrous; pedicels filiform, 2-4 mm long. Calyx cupular, subtruncate. Petals oblong, ca 2 x 1 mm. Stamens ca 1 mm long. Disc 4-lobed, enclosing ovary. Ovary ca 1 mm across, glabrous; style slender, ca 1 mm long; stigma capitate. Berries obovoid-turbinate, ca 5 mm across, dark blue, 1-seeded. Seeds pyriform, ca 5 x 4 mm, smooth except for the longitudinally encircling ridged raphe.

Fl. & Fr. : June - Nov.

Distrib. India: West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Tripura, Meghalaya and Orissa.

Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Indo-China, Malesia and Philippines.

Notes. Chromosome number 2n=48 [Hazra, R. & A. Sharma in Folia Biol. (Cracow) 18: 123-136. 1970].

JSP Page
  • Search