Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

JSP Page
Cissus discolor Blume, Cat. 39. 1823 & Bijdr. 1: 181. 1825. C. javana DC., Prodr 1: 628. 1824. Vitis inaequalis Wallich ex Wight & Arn., Prodr. 125. 1834. V. discolor(Blume) Dalz. in Hook., Kew J. Bot. 2: 39. 1850; M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 647. 1875.

Mar.: Telitsayel.

Climbing, herbacepus vines; branches slender, weak, subterete, glabrous; tendrils branched. Leaves ovate to oblong-lanceolate, oblique, 6-20 x 2.5- 11 cm, acuminate at apex, truncate to cordate at base, serrate at margins,blotched with white patches above, purple and shiny beneath, glabrous; petioles 1.5-7 cm long. Inflorescences divaricately branched, umbellate cymes, ca 2.5 cm long; peduncles ca 1 cm long. Flowers ca 2 mm long; pedicels 1.5- 2 mm long. Calyx cupular, subtruncate. Petals oblong, ca 1.5 x 1 mm, glabrescent. Stamens ca 1 mm long; anthers oblong. Disc 4-lobed, covering ovary. Ovary ca 1.5 mm across; style stout, ca 0.6 mm long; stigma minute. Berries pyriform, 4-5 mm across, red when mature, 1-seeded. Seeds pyriform, ca 4 x 3 mm, acute at base, with longitudinally encircling ridged raphe and a linear pit on either side of raphe near base, tessellated on either side of raphe with angular facets.

Fl. & Fr. : July - Dec.

Distrib. India: Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, China, Indo-China, Maiesia, Indonesia (Java) and Philippines.

Notes. The plants are grown in gardens as an ornamental and are also edible.

Chromosome number 2n=24 (Krishnaswamy, N. et al. in Curro Sci. 23: 64-65. 1954; Shetty, B.V. in Curro Sci. 27: 358-259. 1958 & in Bibliogr. Genet. 18: 167-272. 1959; Hazra. R. & A. Sharma in Folia Biol. (Cracow) 18: 123-136. 1970-as Cissus javana DC.).


JSP Page
  • Search