Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Meliosma sumatrana (Jack) Walp. in Ann. 1: 135. 1848; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India. 2: 6. 1876; Nayar & Majumder in Fasc. Fl. Ind. 20: 126. 1990. Millingtonia sumatrana Jack, Mal. Misc. 2 (7): 30. 1822.

Evergreen trees; flowering twigs terete, glabrous. Leaves 2 - 5-jugate, glabrous with distinctly swollen base; leaflets usually elliptic to lanceoiate, sometimes ovate to ovate-Ianceolate, 5 - 35 x 3 - 15 cm, apex acuminate to caudate, entire, glabrous above, slightly pubescent beneath along the nerves, without domatia, midrib slightly prominent above, very prominent beneath; nerves 7 - 13 pairs, ascending, reticulate, distinctly swollen at the base. Panicles usually terminal, puberulous, bearing numerous crowded flowers. Sepals 4 or 5, ovate, unequal; outer 2 - 3 smaller; inner 3 - 4 larger, glabrous with ciliolate margins. Inner petals reduced, attached with two fertile stamens 1 - 1.5 mm long. Ovary 0.5 - 1 mm, glabrous; style 0.5 - 1 mm long, glabrous.

Fl. & Fr. : Oct - Dec.

Distrib. India: In evergreen, dense, mixed tropical rain forests on various soils, by streame as well as on hill-tops and ridges. Great Nicobar.

Malay Peninsula, Malesia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Celebes, Anambas Islands, Banka and Philippines.

Notes. On Mindanao the triturated bark and leaves are reported to be in use as a medicine applied for wounds, to smooth itchy skin or charred and put in water against tympanites. The fruits are reported to be edible.

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