Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cissus elongata Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 429. 1820 & ed. 2. 1: 411. 1832. Vitis elongata (Roxb.) Wallich ex M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 658. 1875. Cayratia elongata (Roxb.) Suesseng. ex Suesseng. in Mitt., Bot. Staatssamml. Munchen 1: 352. 1953.

Large climbing shrubs; branches slightly flattened, glabrous, glaucous; tendrils simple. Leaves 5-foliolate, digitate, glabrous; petioles 5-14 cm long, glabrous; terminal leaflets elliptic to linear-lanceolate, 7-20 x 2-8 cm, acuminate at apex, attenuate at base, dentate-serrate at margins; lateral leaflets 4-17 x 1-6.5 cm, slightly oblique at base, margins and apex as in terminal leaflets. Inflorescences umbellate cymes, 5-6 cm long, bracteolate; peduncles 1-3 cm long. Flowers 2-2.5 mm long, glabrous; pedicels 2-3 mm long. Calyx cupular, truncate to obscurely 4-lobed. Petals oblong, ca 2 x 1 mm. Stamens ca 1 mm long; anthers oblong-ovoid. Disc 4-lobed, enclosing ovary. Ovary ca 1.2 mm across; style stout; stigma minute. Berries subglobose to ellipsoid, 0.6- 1.5 cm across, 1-seeded. Seeds pointed at base, 8-16 x 5-10 mm, smooth except for the ridged raphe encircling longitudinally.


1a. Berries ca 14 mm across; seeds ca 16 x 10 mm; leaflets elliptic 6.1. elongata
b. Berries ca 6 mm across; seeds ca 8 x 5 mm; leaflets usually linear-lanceolate 6.2. littoralis


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