Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cissus latifolia Lam., Encycl. 1: 30. 1783; Shetty & P. Singh in Taxon 37: 172. 1988. Vilis glauca sensu Wight & Arn., Prodr. 126. 1834. p.p.; M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 648. 1875 p.p. V. gigantea Beddome in Trans. Linn. Soc. 25: 212. 1865. Cissus gigantea Beddome in Madras J. Sci. 22(2): 75. 1861. C. wightii Planchon in DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 478. 1887. C. glauca sensu Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1: 234. 1918. (non Roxb., 1820).

Climbing shrubs; branches subterete, striate, glabrous, glaucous; tendrils forked. Leaves broadly ovate to suborbicular, 10-18 x 8-13 cm, acuminate at apex, cordate at base, bristly-serrate at margins; glabrous above, pubescent chiefly on nerves beneath, reticulations prominent; petioles 5-11 cm long, terete, glabrous. Inflorescences umbellate cymes, 4-10 cm long, bracteolate; peduncles 2-5 cm long, pubescent. Flowers globose, ca 2 mm across; pedicels 3-4 mm long, pubescent. Calyx cupular, subentire, membranous,at margin. Petals oblong ca 1 x 0.5 mm, puberulous. Stamens ca 1 mm long; anthers oblong-oveid. Disc 4-netched and 4-lobed, covering about half of ovary. Ovary ca 1 mm across, pubescent at summit; style stout; stigma subcapitate. Berries pyriform, ca 7 mm across, 1-seeded. Seeds ca 7 x 4 mm, tessellated with angular facets on either side of the longitudinally encircling ridged raphe.

Distrib. India: Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Sri Lanka.

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