Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cissus repanda Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3: 18. 1794. Vitis repanda (Vahl) Wight & Arn., Prodr. 125. 1834; M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 648. 1875. V. rosea Royle. Illustr. Bot. Himal. 149. 1835. Cissus rosea (Royle) Walp., Rep. 1: 437. 1842.

Asm.: Medmedia-lop; Hindi: Panibel; Mar.: Gendal.

Large climbing shrubs; branches subterete, woody; young parts reddish, adpressed woolly; tendrils branched. Leaves suborbicular, sometimes 5-7- angled, 10-20 x 7-15 cm, acuminate at apex, deeply cordate at base, shortly dentate-serrate at margins, membranous, young ones densely reddish adpressed woolly, becoming glabrescent with age; petioles 3-7 cm long; stipules falcate, ca 5 x 2.5 mm, membranous, pubescent. Inflorescences lax, subcorymbosely branched, umbellate cymes, 5-11 cm long, bracteolate; peduncles 3-7 cm long, hairy. Flowers ca 3 mm long; pedicels 3-4 mm long, hairy. Calyx cupular, obscurely 4-lobed, hairy. Petals ovate, ca 2 x 1 mm, hooded, usually hairy. Stamens ca 1.5 mm long; anthers ovoid. Disc 4-lobed. Ovary ca 1 mm across; style stout; stigma capitate. Berries ellipsoid-pyriform, 5-7 mm across, mucronate, 1-seeded. Seeds obovoid, ca 8 x 5 mm, smooth except for the ridged raphe encircling longitudinally.

Fl. & Fr. : Feb. - Aug.

Distrib. India: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Tripura, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka; Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Indo-China.

Notes. Stems -contain a large quantity of potable water.

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