Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Buchanania Sprengel

Trees. Leaves simple, alternate, entire petiolate. Panicles terminal and axillary. Flowers bisexual, calyx 5-lobed, persistent, imbricate. Petals 5, free, reflexed, imbricate. Stamens 8 - 10. Disc urceolate; 8 - 10-lobed. Carpels 5, free, usually 1 fertile, the rest sterile; ovary superior, 1-loculed, 1-ovuled; style subulate; stigma truncate. Fruit compressed, lenticular drupes with bony stone. Seeds with testa free from the endocarp

Tropical Asia, Malesia, Australia, Micronesia, Melanesia and Polynesia; ca 25 species; 8 in India.


1a. Leaf apex obtuse or rounded 2
b. Leaf apex acuminate 5
2a. Panicles glabrous; leaves oblong-lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate 2. Buchanania axillaris
b. Panicles pubescent or tomentose; leaves not lanceolate 3
3a. Leaves obovate or obovate-oblong, glabrous beneath 1. Buchanania arborescens
b. Leaves oblong, rusty-villous beneath 4
4a. Flowers sessile; petals pubescent; leaves usually 5 - 10 cm wide 6. Buchanania lanzan
b. Flowers pedicelled; petals glabrous; leaves usually 3 - 5 cm wide 3. Buchanania barberi
5a. Carpels glabrous; anthers not sagittate 8. Buchanania splendens
b. Carpels densely ferruginous; anthers sagittate 6
6a. Leaves sessile, obovate-oblong, oblanceolate or spathulate, abruptly acuminate; flowers subsessile; petals erect 7. Buchanania sessilifolia
b. Leaves petioled. lanceolate, acuminate; flowers pedicelled; petals reflexed 7
7a. Petals ovate; petioles 1 - 1.5 cm long 4. Buchanania lanceolata
b. Petals oblong; petioles 2 - 3.75 cm long 5. Buchanania lancifolia

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