Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cissus vitiginea L., Sp. Pl. 117. 1753; Planchon in DC. Monogr. Phan. 5: 472. 1887. Vitis linnaei Wight & Arn., Prodr. 126. 1834; M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 649. 1875.

Tel.: Godhuma theega, Gummadi, Nela gummadi, Tbeega, Vorupaku

Erect or climbing shrubs, rarely trees; branches subterete, striate, covered with short grey or fulvous pubescence; tendrils when present stout, simple or rarely branched. Leaves rotund-ovate to deeply 3-5 lobed, 3.5-16 x 4- 15 cm, acute to obtuse at apex, cordate to truncate at base, dentate at margins,puberulous above, grey pubescent beneath; petioles 1-9 cm long, pubescent; stipules ovate, ca 2 x 2 mm, obtuse, membranous, pubescent. Inflorescences umbellate cymes, 5-7 cm long; peduncles 2-4 cm long. Flowers ca 2 mm long; pedicels 2-4 mm long, pubescent. Calyx cupular, 4-lobed, pubescent. Petals oblong-ovate, ca 2 x 1 mm, hooded, pubescent. Stamens ca 1 mm long; anthers oblong. Disc 4-lobed, fleshy, covering ovary. Ovary ca 1 mm across; style short; stigma minute. Berries pyriform, apiculate, 5-7 mm across, purple with a glaucous bloom on surface, 1-seeded. Seeds 7-8 x 5-7 mm, tessellated on either side of raphe with angular facets.

Fl. & Fr. : May - Dec.

Distrib. India: Orissa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Sri Lanka.

Notes. The species rarely shows arborescent habit with rather stunted and dichotomously branched trees reaching a height of 4-5 m and having a trunk of about 60 cm diameter. (Ellis, J.L. & M.S. Swaminathan in J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 72: 230. 1975).

Chromosome number 2n=26 (Shetty, B.V. in Curro Sci. 27: 358-359. 1958 & in Bibliogr. Genet. 18: 167-272 . 1959).

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