Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Trees or shrubs. Leaves pari- or imparipinnate, rarely simple, with or without stipules; leaflets opposite or alternate, hairy or glabrous underneath, margin entire, base equal sided to oblique. Inflorescence axillary or terminal, simple or branched. Flowers unisexual, mostly monoecious. Sepals 4 - 6, free, outer 2 mostly smaller, imbricate, glabrous to puberulous, mostly ciliolate, often partly glandular, entire to denticulate. Petals 4 - 7, mostly distinctly clawed, partly ciliate, partly glandular, hairy at base; scales mostly well developed. Disc crescent shaped, slightly lobed, hairy or glabrous. Stamens ca 8, in male flowers distinctly exserted or filaments very short to absent; anthers hairy or glabrous. Ovary lobed or not, hairy or glabrous, 2 or 3, rarely 1 or 4-loculed; stigma on a short style or sessile; ovules 1 in each cell. Eruits lobed or not, smooth or slightly warty. Seeds exarillate, shining brown to black.

Old world tropics, West Africa, Madagascar, S. & S. E. Asia, Malesia to New Guinea; 40 species, ca 5 in India.

Literature. LEENHOUTS, P.W. (1969). Florae Malesianae Pracursores L. A. Revision of Lepisanthes (Sapindaceae). Blumea 17(1): 33ยท91.



KEY TO THE SPECIES


1a. Petals as long as sepals 4. Lepisanthes senegalensis
b. Petals longer than sepals 2
2a. Fruits parted, glabrous 3. Lepisanthes rubiginosa
b. Fruits either lobed or, if parted, tomentose 3
3a. Pericarp thick; fruits more or less wrinkled when dry 2. Lepisanthes erecta
b. Peri carp thin; fruits smooth to warty 4
4a. Basal pair of leaflets stipuliform; petiole absent 1. Lepisanthes andamanica
b. Stipular leaflets wanting; petiole present 5. Lepisanthes tetraphylla


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