Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Trees. Leaves simple, alternate, entire, petiolate. Panicles terminal or axillary, often crowded at the apices of twigs. Flowers small, male and bisexual (polygamous), 4 - 5-merous; bracts caducous. Calyx 4 - 5 lobed. Petals 4 - 5, free, imbricate. Disc usually extra, rarely intrastaminal, often 4 - 5 -lobed, sometimes obsolete in male flowers. Stamens usually 5, rarely 10 - 12, usually 1 - 2 fertile, the others much smaller (with imperfect or sterile anthers), rarely all 5 fertile. Carpel solitary; ovary superior, 1-loculed, 1-ovuled; style excentric or lateral; stigma simple. Fruit usually a fleshy Drupes.

Tropical Asia; ca 43 species, 6 in India.

Literature. MUKHERJEE, S.K. (1949) A monograph on the genus Mangifera L. Lioydia 12: 73-136.



KEY TO THE SPECIES


1a. Flowers 4-merous 2
b. Flowers 5-merous 3
2a. Sepals ovate; petals broadly ovate-lanceolate; leaves upto 23 x 7 cm 1. Mangifera andamanica
b. Sepals triangulate; petals spathulate; leaves up to 15 x 5 cm 5. Mangifera nicobarica
3a. Drupes distinctly flat 2. Mangifera camptosperma
b. Drupes only slightly compressed 4
4a. Drupes acute or obtuse at tip 3. Mangifera indica
b. Drupes acuminate, with protruded tip 4
5a. Panicles peduncled, pyramidal, 20 - 30 cm or more; leaves 25-30 x 5-7 cm; petals lanceolate, tips reflexed 6. Mangifera sylvatica
b. Panicles sessile with fascicles of branches at the base. 5 - 10 cm long; leaves 7 - 13 x 2 - 3 cm.; petals ovate-oblong, tips not reflexed 4. Mangifera khasiana


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