Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cissus woodrowii (Stapf ex T. Cooke) Santapau in Kew. Bull. 1948: 276. 1948 & Fl. Purandhar 34. 1957. Vitis woodrowii Stapf ex T. Cooke, Fl. Bombay 1: 248. 1902.

Mar.: Girnul.

Erect shrubs; branches stout, sulcate, glabrous; tendrils absent. Leaves ovate to rotund, usually 3-lobed, cordate with a broad sinus, crenate at margins with crenatures incurved, 20-30 x 20-25 cm, acute to acuminate at apex, young ones pubescent beneath; petioles 15-25 cm long, pubescent when young; stipules triangular-ovate, caducous. Inflorescences compound umbels, 4-7 cm long; peduncles 2-5 cm long. Flowers ca 3 mm long; pedicels ca 4 mm long. Calyx cupular, entire or obscurely lobed. Petals ca 2.5 mm long, hooded. Disc 4-lobed, covering ovary. Ovary ca 1 mm across; style short, stout, conical; stigma minute. Berries obovoid-globose, ca 6 mm across, 1-seeded. Seeds ca 6 x 5 mm with longitudinally encircling raphe.

Fl. & Fr. : May - Sept.

Distrib. India: Maharashtra.

Notes. This species is very closely allied to Cissus arnottiana Shetty & P. Singh. Talbot (in Forest Fl. Bombay 1: 309. 1909) merged it with C. pallida sensu Planchon (=Cissus arnottiana Shetty & P. Singh). Further field studies are desirable for determining the status of these species.

Chromosome number 2n=24 (Patil, V.P. et al. in Curro Sci. 49: 37- 38. 1980).

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