Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cyphostemma (Planchon) Alston

Erect, prostrate, rambling or climbing herbs or shurbs; tendrils leaf- opposed or absent. Leaves usually 3-9-foliolate, digitate, rarely simple, petiolate or sessile; stipules conspicuous. Inflorescences axillary or pseudo-terminal. corymbose cymes, pedunculate. Flowers bisexual, lageniform. Calyx truncate or 4-lobed. Petals 4, free, oblong, hooded at apex. Stamens 4: filaments filiform. Disc of 4 fleshy. truncate or conical glands, adnate to ovary but free from each other. Ovary glabrous or hairy; style subulate; stigma minutely 2-fid or subentire and minutely subcapitate. Berries usually globose, 1-seeded. Seeds with a dorsal crest and often rugose; endosperm M-shaped in cross section.

Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius, India and Sri Lanka with most of the species endemic to Africa; ca 200 species, 2 in India.

Notes. This genus was earlier treated as a sections or subgenus under Cissus However, the present authors have followed, Alston [in Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6 (suppl.): 53. 1931] and Descoings [in Notul. Syst. (Paris) 16: 113. 1960] maintained it as a distinct genus.


1a. Leaves 5-foliolate; petioles 7-15 cm long; berries glabrous. 1. Cyphostemma auriculatum
b. Leaves 3-foliolate, subsessile; berries glandular-hispid. 2. Cyphostemma setosum

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