Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cyphostemma auriculatum (Roxb.) P. Singh & Shetty in Taxon 35: 596. 1986. Cissus auriculata Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 430. 1820. Vitis auriculata (Roxb.) Wallich ex M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 658. 1875. V. erythraclada Kurz in J. Asi. Soc. Bengal 41: 301. 1872, Cayratia auriculata (Roxb.) Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 237. 1918.

Guj.: Khat-khatamo; Kan. Punditaballi; Mar.: Kalivel, Jangli-kajorni,' Tam.: Aiinthilaikkeerai; Tel. Kurapalleru, Kutamu, Pulusa.

Large climbing shrubs; bark of older stems spongy and deeply cracked; branches terete, succulent, softly pubescent; tendrils branched. Leaves 5- fotiolate, digitate, softly pubescent when young; petioles 7-15 cm long; stipules falcate, ca 1 x 0.5 cm; terminal leaflets obovate to rhomboidal or elliptic, 10-13 x 5.5-8.5 cm, acute or shortly acuminate at apex, cuneate at base, serrate at margins; petiolules 1-2 cm long; lateral leaflets 7-12 x 4-7 cm, petiolules ca 1 cm long. Inflorescences axillary or pseudo-terminal, much branched, divaricate cymes, 11-26 cm long; peduncles ca 8-19 cm long, pubescent. Flowers ca 3 mm long, contracted in the middle; pedicels 2-3 mm long, pubescent. Calyx cupular, truncate, pubescent. Petals oblong, hooded, ca 2.5 x 1.5 mm. Stamens ca 2 mm long; anthers globose. Disc of 4 glands, almost covering the ovary. Ovary pyramidal, ca 1.5 mm across, hairy; style ca 1 mm long. Berries globose, ca 1 cm across, red glabrous 1-seeded. Seeds oblong-obovoid to subglobose ca 8 x 5 mm; with a crest on dorsal side; endosperm M-shaped in cross section.

Fl. & Fr. : July - Nov.

Distrib. India : Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Bangladesh and Myanmar.


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