Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cyphostemma setosum (Roxb.) Alston in Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6(Suppl.): 53. 1931. Cissus setosa Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 428. 1820. Vitis setosa (Roxb.) Wallich ex Wight & Arn. in Wight, Cat. 26. 1833 & Prodr. 127, 1834; M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 654. 1875.


Hindi: Harmal: Kan.: Talavaranaballi; Mar.: Khajgolichavel; Tam.: Kangu kelari, Kauri, Pulinaralai, Pulipirandai, Sangugelari, Sugambal; Tel.: Barrebacbali, Pullabachali.

Herbaceous scramblers or climbers; branches striate, sulcate, succulent, covered with glandular bristly hairs; tendrils branched. Leaves sub sessile; 3-foliolate, sometimes the lower ones simple, glabrescent above, glandular- hispid beneath; stipules broadly ovate, acute; leaflets elliptic to obovate-oblong, 5-12 x 3-5 cm, acute to obtuse at apex, acute to obtuse or subtruncate at base, irregularly serrate to laciniate at margins, petiolules up to 1 cm long. Inflorescences dichotomous or trichotomous, lax, divaricate, cymes, 5-14 cm long; peduncles 2.5-8.5 cm long, glandular-hispid. Flowers lageniform, ca 2.5 mm long; pedicels 2-3 mm long, glandular-hispid. Calyx cupular, subtruncate, glabrous. Petals oblong, hooded, ca 2 x 1 mm, glabrous. Stamens ca 2 mm long. Disc of 4 truncate glands. Ovary ca 1.5 mm across; style subulate. Berries ovoid, 6-7 mm across, red, glandular-hispid, 1-seeded. Seeds subglobose, 7-8 x 5-6 mm, crenate on margin.

Fl. & Fr. : Almost throughout the year.

Distrib. India: Dry localities in peninsular India, on dry stony hills up to 800 m, sometimes on black soil plains. Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

Sri Lanka.

Notes. Chromosome number 2n = 22 (Shetty, B.V. in Curr. Sci. 27: 358-359. 1958 & in Bibliogr. Genet. 18: 167-278. 1959 sub Cissus setosa Roxb.)

Uses. The leaves are applied to ulcers to promote suppuration and to assist in the extraction of Guinea worms.





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