Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Buchanania lanzan Sprengel in Schrader, J. Bot. 2: 234. 1800. B. latifolia Roxb.; Fl. Ind. 2: 385. 1832; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 23. 1876.

Beng.: Piyala; Engl.: Cuddapah-almond; Hindi. Peeyal; Kan.: Nurkala; Mal.: Mungapera; Mar.: Chirauli; Or.: Charu; Tam.: Kalimangu-marum; Tel.: Chinnamoral.

Trees, 12 - 15 m tall. Leaves oblong, elliptic-oblong, 4 - 19 x 2 - 10 cm, apex obtuse, margin entire, coriaceous, tomentose beneath; petioles 1.5 - 2 cm long, pubescent. Panicles terminal, 6 - 20 cm long, tomentose. Flowers 4 mm across, greenish white sessile, highly villous. Calyx lobes ovate, pubescent. Petals elliptic, 3 x 2 mm, pubescent. Stamens 10, 1.5 mm long. Disc 1.5 mm in diam., deeply 10-crenated. Ovary conical, 1.5 mm long; style subulate; stigma simple. Drupes 2 cm in diam., lenticular, 2-valved.

Fl. & Fr. : Jan. - May.

Distrib. India : Throughout the drier parts of the country, in deciduous forests, ascending up to 1300 m in the sub-Himalayan tract, central India and hills of peninsula.


Uses. Fruits are edible. It tastes somewhat like Pistacio nuts and used in sweet-meats. The stem juice is of medicinal value and used for controlling diarrhoea. Leaves are used as fodder. The wood is used in frame work.


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