Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Medium-tall trees, rarely shrubs. Leaves spirally arranged, paripinnate, rarely unifoliolate, exstipulate; leaflets alternate, rarely opposite, coriaceous to thin papery, hairy on mid rib above, sparsely puberulous beneath on nerves and mid rib. Flowers mostly dioecious, sometimes monoecious. Sepals free to connate, hairy on both outer and inner faces. Petals absent. Disc complete, often slightly lobed. Stamens exserted in male flowers; filaments densely hairy, long. Ovary 2 - 3, very rarely 4-loculed. Fruits 1 - 2 -lobed, covered .with prickles.

South East Asia, Malesia, Yunnan, Hainan and Moluccas; ca 22 species, 2 in India.

Literature. LAKSHMINARSHIMAN, P., S.P. MATHEW & LN. RAY (1991). A Nephelium New to India From the Nicobar Islands. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 33 (1 - 4): 317 - 318. LEENHOUTS, P.W. (1986). A taxonomic Revision of Nephelium (Sapindaceae). Blumea 31: 373 - 436.



KEY TO THE SPECIES


1a. Inflorescence axillary and pseudoterminal; fruits mostly densely spiny, sometimes knobby with short tongue-shaped appendages 1. Nephelium ramboutan-ake
b. Inflorescence usually terminal; fruit appendages somewhat hair like or sometimes more or less tongue-shaped 2. Nephelium unicinatum


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