Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Choerospondias axillaris (Roxb.) Burtt & Hill. in Ann. Bot. n.s. 1: 254. 1937. Spondias axillaris Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 453. 1832; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 42. 1876.


Asm.: Delam-asing; Kh.: Dieng-salait; Lep.: Silah-kung; Nep.: Lapshi.

Trees, up to 30 m tall. Leaves 20 - 32 cm long; petioles 5 - 8.5 cm long; leaflets 3 - 7 pairs, oblong-lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, 2.5 - 12 x 2.5 cm, caudate-acuminate, base obliquely rounded; serrate to crenate, petiolule 2 - 5 mm long. Panicles 5 - 15 cm long. Male flowers 3 mm across; pedicel 3 mm long. Calyx lobes ovate, margin ciliate. Petals oblong, 2 x 1 mm. Stamens 10, 2 mm long. Disc 1 mm in diam. Female flowers 5 mm across. Sepals and petals as in male flowers. Stamens much reduced forming staminodes. Ovary superior, 2.5 x 1.8 mm; stigma capitate. Drupes oblong, 1.5 - 2.5 x 0.8 - 1.5 cm, yellow when ripe.

Fl. & Fr. : Feb. - Dec.

Distrib. India : West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya.

Nepal, Thailand and China.

Uses. The wood is used in making tea chests and as fuel. The finer bark is chewed by some people as a substitute for are ca nut.




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