Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Tetrastigma leucostaphylum (Dennst.) Alston ex Mabb. in Taxon 26: 539. 1977. Cissus leucostaphyla Dennst., Schlussel Hort. Malab. 17, 19, 33. 1818. C. lanceolaria Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 430. 1820. nom. illegit. Vitis lanceolaria Wallich ex Wight & Arn., Prodr 128. 1834. V. serratifolia Wight & Arn. prodr. 128. 1834. V. muricata Wight & Arn., Prodr. 128. 1834. p.p. nom. illegit. superfl. Cissus muricata Dalz: in Dalz. & Gibson, Bombay Pl. 40. 1861, p.p., nom. illegit. Tetrastigma lanceolorium Planchon, DC. Monogr. Phan. 5: 423, 1887. nom. illegit; T. muricatum Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1: 229. 1918. p.p. nom . illegit.

Lep.: Tundror-rik; Nep.: Bherseri; Tam.: Perumuruli.

Climbing shrubs; quite glabrous except the inflorescence; branches flat, woody; tendrils stout, simple. Leaves 5-7-foliolate, glabrous; petioles 5-15 cm long; terminal leaflets oblong-lanceolate, 11-19 x 3.5-8 cm, acuminate at apex, acute to rounded at base, irregularly serrate-dentate at margins; petiolules 1.5-3 cm long; lateral leaflets 7-15 x 3-6 cm, oblique, margins and apex as in terminal leaflets; petiolules 0.5-2 cm long. Inflorescences subcorymbose cymes, 3-7 cm long; peduncles up to 4 cm long. Flowers 1.5 -2 mm long, pubescent; pedicels 2-3 mm long, pubescent. Calyx cupular, inconspicuous, sometimes minutely 4.lobed, ciliate-pubescent at margin. Petals hooded and sometimes slightly dorsally spurred at apex, ca 1.5 x 0.75 mm. Stamens ca 1.5 mm long; anthers oblong. Disc restricted to base of ovary, undulate at margin. Ovary pyramidal, ca 1 mm across; stigma sessile, 4-lobed. Berries globose, ca 1 cm across, 2-4 -seeded. Seeds obovoid, 6-7 x 4-5 mm, plano- convex, transversely striate on sides; adaxial surface with a linear raphe broadened at top; abaxial surface with an oblong chalaza.

Fl. & Fr. : Dec. - Sept.

Distrib. India: Assam, Meghalaya, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh.

Notes. Chromosome number 2n=44 (Krishnaswamy et al in Curro Sci. (23: 64-65. 1954; Shetty, B.V. in Curro Sci. 27: 358-359. 1958 & in Bibliogr. Genet. 18: 162-272. 1959) all sub Tetrastigma lanceolarium Planchon.

Uses. A poultice of leaves is applied on boils, and the juice of the plant is used in cough.

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