Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Tetrastigma nilagiricum (Miq.) Shetty in Kew Bull. 44: 477. 1989. Cissus nilagirica Miq. in Linnaea 26: 221. 1854. Vitis muricata sensu Wight & Arn., Prodr. 128. 1834, p.p. Cissus muricata Dalz. in Dalz. & Gibson, Bombay Pl. 40. 1861, q.d. Tetrastigma muricatum sensu Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1: 229. 1918, q.d. T. leucostaphylum sensu Ramamurthy in Nair & Henry, Fl. Tamil Nadu ser. 1. 1: 82. 1983 (non Alston ex Mabb., 1977).


Tam.: Pirandaikkodi.

Large Climbing shrubs; branches terete, striate, muricate; tendrils stout, simple. Leaves 3-5-foliolate, leathery, light green when dry; petioles 2-5 cm long; terminal leaflets elliptic, 6-13 x 3-6 cm, acute to acuminate at apex, acute to rounded at base, serrate and retrorse at margins; petiolules ca 1 cm long; lateral leaflets 5-9 x 2.5 -4 cm, oblique, margins and apex as in terminal leaflets; petiolules ca 0.5 cm long. Inflorescences umbellate cymes, ca 3 cm long, pubescent; peduncles up to 1 cm long. Flowers ca 2 mm long, pale green; pedicels 2-3 mm long, pubescent. Calyx 4-lobed, pubescent. Petals Oblong, ca 2 x 1 mm, hooded, pubescent. Disc thick, enclosing lower half of ovary. Ovary pitcher shaped, ca 1 mm across; style distinct; stigma 4- lobed. Berries globose, ca 1 cm across. Seeds oblong-obovoid, ca 8 x 4.5 mm, deep-crenate on sides; adaxial surface with a linear furrow; abaxial surface with an oblong chalaza.

Fl. & Fr. : Jan. - Nov.

Distrib. India : Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Sri Lanka.

Notes. Chromosome number 2n=44 (Shetty, B.V. & V.S. Raman in Curro Sci. 29: 279. 1960-sub Tetrastigma muricatum Gamble).




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