Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Connarus monocarpus L., Sp. Pl. 675. 1753; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 50. 1876; Schellenb. in Engl., Das Pflanzenr. 103: 284. 1938.

Scandent shrubs, up to 5 m tall or lianas, up to 25 (-40) m; outer bark striate-reticulate, minutely pustular with numerous lenticels; young branches glabrous or ferrugenous-tomentose. Leaves 1 - 4-jugate, obscurely pulvinate and wrinkled at the base; leaflets ovate-oblong or ovate-elliptic to lanceolate, 4 - 14 x 2.5 - 7 cm, apex caudate-acuminate, often twisted, cuneate, obtuse or rounded to subcordate at base, glabrous, shiny on the upper surface, pale with many, minute, brown scales beneath, juveniles flush coppery brown; nerves 3 - 8 pairs, venation inconspicuously or distinctly reticulate; petiolules up to 5 mm long. Flowers in terminal, erect, irregularly pyramidal paniculate cymes, ferruginious tomentose; bracts less than 1 mm long. Sepals narrowly triangular or ovate-oblong, 2 - 3.5 x 1.25 - 1.5 mm, outer surface densely pubescent or puberulous, margin ciliate. Petals linear-oblanceolate, 6 - 10 mm long, cuneate to tapering at base, acute to slightly rounded at apex, densely minutely tomentose or pubescent, a few stipitate glands present on the inner surface, margin ciliate. Stamens in 2 whorls; outer whorl antisepalous, up to 8 mm long; inner shorter, up to 2 mm long, all fertjle or inner sterile. Ovary globose-subglobose, densely pubescent, brownish; style slender. Follicles obliquely ellipsoid-fusiform, compressed, 3 - 5 x 1 - 2 cm, apiculate, tapering below into a narrow stalk, surrounded at the base by the persistent calyx and petals; pericarp leathery, naviculate, outer surface with longitudinal striations, glabrous or densely pubescent within, pale yellow. Seed single, ovoid, 2 x 1.2 cm, compressed, reniform, shining, with lobed aril at the base.


1a. Lianas, up to 25 (-40) m; young branches glabrous; leaves 2 - 4-jugate; leaflets ovate-elliptic to lanceolate; venation inconspicuously reticulate; sepals up to 2 mm long; valves of follicles densely pubescent within 3.1. malayensis
b. Scandent shrubs, up to 5 m; young branches ferrugenous. tomentose; leaves 1 - 2-jugate; leaflets ovate-oblong; venation distinctly reticulate; sepals 3 - 3.5 mm long; valves of follicles glabrous within 3.2. monocarpus

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