Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Connarus paniculatus Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 139. 1832; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 52. 1876. Schellenb. in Engl., Das Pflanzenr. 103: 260. 1938.

Large lianas; bark rough, branchlets minutely ferruginous tomentose at the apex only, early glabrescent. Leaves 2 - 3-jugate, glabrous; leaflets oblong to lanceolate, 10 - 16 x 3.5 - 6 cm, apex blunt to obtusely acuminate, base rounded, to obtuse; chartaceous to coriaceous; nerves 5 - 6 pairs, curved; veins inconspicuous; petiolules 0.5 cm long. Panicles pyramidal, up to 30 cm long, densely rusty tomentose, glabrescent; bracts minute. Sepals elliptic to obovate, ca 4 x 1 - 1.5 mm, obtuse, obscurely keeled, outer surface densely rusty pubescent, inner surface glabrous. Petals lanceolate-spathulate, ca 8 mm long, obtuse, densely to sparsely pubescent or tomentose on both sides. Stamens united at the base, all fertile. Follicles ovoid, slightly compressed, 3 - 4 x 1 - 1.25 cm, narrowed at base; stipe 4 mm long, beak lateral; pericarp thin, outer surface striato-granulate, densely short pubescent within.

Fl. & Fr. : Oct. - May.

Distrib. India : Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Andaman Islands.

Bangladesh, S. China, Indo-China and Malay Peninsula

Uses. Seeds yield an oil suitable for soap making.

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