Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Rhus chinensis Miller, Gard. Dict. ed. 8. sub. n. 7. 1768. R. semialata Murray in Comm. Soc. Goett. 5: 27. t. 3. 1784; Hook.f. Fl. Brit. India 2: 10. 1876. R. javanica Thunb., Fl. Jap. 121. 1785 (non L.).

Asm.: Nagatenga; Garo.: Khetma; Kh.: Sabma, Dieng-sohma; Lep.: Takhril; Nep.: Bakkiawela, Bhakimlo; Punj.: Titar, Tatri, Arkhar.

Trees, 5 - 10 m tall. Leaves 18 - 38 cm long; rachis winged; leaflets 3 - 5-pairs, elliptic-oblong, 6 - 14 x 2.5 - 7 cm, margin serrate, tomentose beneath. Panicles terminal and axillary, 10 - 40 cm long; tomentose. Male flowers 1.5 mm across. Calyx lobes triangular. Petals oblong, 1 x 0.8 mm. Stamens 5, 1.5 mm long. Disc 1 mm in diam., broadly 5-lobed. Female flowers 2 mm across. Ovary globose, pubescent; styles 3; stigmas lobed. Drupes 4 - 5 mm in diam., obconic to globose with persistent styles; epicarp thin, mesocarp non-fibrous; endocarp hard; epicarp separating from mesocarp in ripe fruits.

Distrib. India: Temperate Himalaya, between 1000 - 2000 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya and Rajasthan.

Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Indo-China, Malesia, China, Japan and Pakistan.

Uses. Fruits are edible and used as a medicine in dysentery and in colic. It is also used as a substitute for rennet in preparing curds. The galls of various shapes and sizes produced on branches are used in making ink and native medicines.


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