Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Rhus parviflora Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 100. 1832 & in DC., Prodr. 2: 70. 1825. Hook.f. Fl. Brit. India 2: 9. 1876.


Kh.: Samak; Punj.: Rai, Tung, Tumra; Hindi: Dungla, Ninas, Rannel.

Shrubs; branchlets, undersurface of leaves and inflorescence rusty tomentose. Leaves 5 - 16 cm long, 3-foliolate; leaflets elliptic, oblong-obovate, 4 - 16 x 2.5 - 5 cm, obtuse, base cuneate, crenate in the upper half. Panicles axillary and terminal, 10 - 26 cm long. Male flowers 2 - 3 mm in diam., pedicellate. Calyx lobes ovate. Petals linear-oblong, 1 x 0.5 mm. Stamens 5, 0.8 mm long. Disc 0.6 mm in diam., cupular, deeply 5-notched. Female flowers : Ovary subconical. Drupes globose; 0.3 - 0.4 cm in diam., epicarp glabrous, wrinkled, indehiscent.

Fl. & Fr. : May - Aug.

Distrib. India: Western Himalaya, between 650 - 1650 m. Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.

Nepal.

Uses. Fruits are edible, when mixed with salt taste like tamarind and the juice has vermifuge property. Dried leaves are either mixed with or substituted for tobacco. The wood is used for fence-post and as fuel. It is suitable for turnery and also for small tool-handles. The plant affords poor quality of fodder. It produces root suckers profusely and is useful for afforestation.





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