Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Rhus sinuata Thunb., Prodr. Pl. Cap. 52. 1794. R. mysorensis Don, Gen. Syst. 2: 74. 1832; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 9. 1876.


Mar.: Amooni; Pujb.: Dahsara, Dansara; Raj.: Dononia, Dasarni; Tam.: Chippamarum, Sabale, Sitha.

Shrubs, up to 5 m tall; branches often spiny, pubescent all over. Leaves 3-foliolate; petioles pubescent, 1 - 1.5 cm; leaflets obovate, 1 - 3 x 1 - 1.5 cm, obtuse, base cuneate, the terminal largest, sinuately lobed, sparsely hairy above pubescent beneath. Panicles axillary and terminal, 3-10 cm long. Male flowers 1.5 mm across; pedicel up to 5 mm long, pubescent. Calyx lobes ovate. Petals oblong, 1 x 0.5 mm. Stamens 5, 1 mm long. Disc 1 mm in diam., 5-lobed. Female flowers 2 mm across. Ovary 0.8 x 0.6 mm, glabrous, obconic; styles 3; stigma capitate. Drupes subglobose, 4 - 5 mm in diam., epicarp thin and glabrous.

Fl. & Fr. : April - May.

Distrib. India: North western India and Deccan, ascending up to 900 m. Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Pakistan.

Uses. The plant is usually planted for fencing. The wood is used for fence-posts, as fuel, in turnery and in making small tool-handles. Bark gives a splendid buff or brown colour to leather. Leaves are used for tanning and as fodder. Fruits are edible.




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