Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Rhus succedanea L., Mant. Pl. 2: 221. 1771; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 12. 1876. R. succedanea L. var. acuminata (DC) Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 12. 1876. R. acuminata DC., Prodr 2: 68. 1825.


Asm.: Amsilika; Beng.: Kakrasinghi; Garo.: Bolmicheng, Bolkhatthi; Hindi: Shat; Kh.: Ding-keon, Kakain; Lep.: Serhnyok; Mar.: Kakada shingi; Nep.: Raniwhalaya; Punj.: Choklu, Holashi, Lakhar, Habatul-khizra; Tam.: Kakeera-sryngi, Karkadagasurgi.

Trees, 10 - 18 m tall. Leaves 17 - 48 cm long; petioles 9 - 14 cm long; leaflets 3 - 6 pairs, ovate-lanceolate, 6 - 12 x 2.5 - 4.5 cm, caudate-acuminate, base cuneate, entire, glabrous to puberulous beneath. Panicles axillary, 6 - 15 cm long, glabrous. Male flowers 1 - 2 mm in diam., pedicellate. Calyx lobes ovate, obtuse. Petals oblong, 1 x 0.5 mm. Stamens 5, 1 mm long. Disc 1 mm in diam. Female flowers 2 - 3.5 mm in diam. Ovary 1.5 x 0.6 mm, conical; styles 3: stigma globose. Drupes obliquely ovoid, 5 - 8 mm in diam.; epicarp leathery, wirnkled; mesocarp fibrous, enclosing a waxy mass; epicarp separtating from mesocarp in ripe fruits.

Fl. & Fr. : Jan. - Dec.

Distrib. India : Throughout Himalaya, from 700 - 2600 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram and Meghalaya.

Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, China and Pakistan.

Uses. A valuable wax is obtained from mesocarp of fruits, known as japanese wax or tallow. It is used in manufacturing candles, waxy-matches, pencils, drawing lubricants, leather and furniture polish.




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