Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Rhus wallichii Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 11. 1876.


Nep.: Bhalaio, Chori; Punj.: Arkhar, Arkhul, Godambal, Kambal.

Trees, up to 15 m tall. Leaves 20 - 60 cm long; petioles 8 - 20 cm long, tomentose; leaflets 3 - 7 pairs, ovate-oblong, 7 - 18 x 3.5 - 9 cm, acuminate, entire, densely clothed beneath with reddish-orange tomentum. Panicles much shorter than the leaves, densely rusty tomentose. Male flowers : 1.5 mm across. Calyx lobes ovate, obtuse, pubescent. Petals oblong, 1.5 x 0.6 mm, glabrous. Stamens 5, 1.5 mm long. Disc 1 mm in diam., 5-lobed. Female flowers: Ovary 1.5 x 0.8 mm, conical, tomentose; styles 3; stigma capitate. Drupes globose, 5 - 7 mm in diam.; epicarp thin, tomentose, dehiscent, bursting irregularly; mesocarp waxy.

Fl. & Fr. : May - Nov.

Distrib. India: Himalayas, in temperate region between 1950 - 2300 m. Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

Nepal.

Uses. The wood is used for making frames and handles. The stem juice is a powerful vesicant which turns black on exposure and can be used as varnish.





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