Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Achillea millefolium L., Sp. Pl. 899. 1753; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 312. 1881.


Eng.: Arrow-root, Blood wort, Camil; Hindi: Gandava; Kash.: Momadruchopandia; Mar. (Bombay): Rojmari; Urdu: Biranj, Asifa.

Herbs, perennial, erect, pubescent, stoloniferous; stems 15 - 60(-90) cm, leafy. Radical leaves ca 25 cm, 3-pinnatisect, petioled; cauline leaves alternate, oblong-lanceolate, 5 - 15 cm, 3-pinnatisect; segments linear-subulate, acute to acuminate. Heads simple, crowded in compound corymbs, 6 mm in diam. Involucral bracts few-seriate, glabrous to sparsely pubescent; outer bracts 3 - 5 x 1 mm, margins brown scarious. Receptacle flat, paleaceous; scales thin, membranous, more or less as long as the florets. Ray florets ca 8 mm long, female; ligule white or pale pink, rounded, reflexed. Disc florets yellow, tubular, 6 mm long; limb 5-lobed. Achenes oblong, flattened, 3 mm long, shining. Pappus absent.

Fl. & Fr. May - Oct.

Distrib. India: W. Himalayas, in moist and dry grassy slopes, between 1500 - 3500 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

Asia, Europe and N. America.

Notes. Achillea millefolium L. is a polymorphic species and exhibits a great deal of variation, in the size of the leaves, nature of the leaf segments, colour of the flowers and the indumentum. An ingredient of the Unani drug BRINJASE which is said to be used as derivative and demulcent of pus. It is diuretic, expels kidney stones and is useful in fever, nasal congestion and stomach diseases.




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