Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Artemisia caruifolia Buch.-Ham. in Roxb. Fl. Ind. 2. 3: 422. 1832; Hook.f. Fl. Brit. India 3: 324. 1881. "Carnifolia" (var. caruifolia Pamp. in Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. n.s. 34: 648. 1927-28).

Herbs, annual, erect, glabrous, ca 0.3 - 1.2 m high; stems erect, branched above, striate, smooth, densely leafy. Leaves, dark green, thinly multifid sessile; segments very narrow or linear, filiform, ultimate divisions ensiform; those on the branches pinnatifid or pinnate to simple, glabrous on both surfaces. Heads greenish yellow, pedicelled, hemispheric, secund, drooping in axillary leafy racemes 4 - 5 mm in diam. Involucral bracts brown, glabrous 2 - 2.2 x 0.5 - 1 mm; outer broadly oblong, herbaceous with narrow white scarious margins; inner broadly oblong with braod white scarious margins. Raceptacle small, hemispheric, naked. Outer florets ,many, female, fertile; corolla gibbous, margin 3-toothed. Disc florets many, hermaphrodite, fertile, tubular. Achenes not seen.

Fl. & Fr. March - April.

Distrib. India ; Gangetic Plain, W. Bengal and Assam.

Bangladesh and Nepal.

Notes. A native of Nepal, said to have been introduced by Dr. Buchanan into the Calcutta Botanic Garden.

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