Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Artemisia dracunculus L., Sp. Pl. 849. 1753; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 321. 1881.

Eng.: Little dragon, Mugwart, Terragon.

Herbs, perennial, erect, glabrous, branched, 18 - 90 cm high; stems sulcate. Radical leaves 3-fid or absent; cauline leaves linear to lanceolate or linear-oblong, entire or toothed, 3 - 7 cm long. Heads green-brown, sessile or peduncled in panicled racemes, sometimes clustered in threes, horizontal or nodding with rather numerous florets subglobose to campanulate-globose, 2 - 3 mm in diam. or 2.5 - 4 mm long. Involucral bracts 2 - 3 mm long; outer :oblong-elliptic, almost entirely herbaceous; inner ovate with very broad dull white scarious margins and a very narrow green or dark brown central portion. Receptacle naked. Outer florets female, fertile, ca 2 mm long, corolla slender, obscurely 3-fid. Disc florets dull brown, hermaphrodite, sterile, more or less ellipsoid, ca 2 mm long. Achenes not seen.

Fl. & Fr. July - Oct.

Distrib. India: W. Himalayas, on rocky slopes and on sandy river beds, between 2300-3500 m. Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh.

Pakistan, W. Tibet, Afghanistan, W. Asia and ClS.

Notes. The aromatic leaves are credited with aperient stomachic stimulant and febrifuge properties. Authentic specimens not seen. Cultivated or doubtfully recorded.

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