Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Artemisia japonica Thunb. Fl. Jap. 310. 1784. A. parviflora Roxb. ex D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 181. 1825; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 322. 1881. A. japonica var. parviflora (Roxb. ex D. Don) Pamp. in Nuovo Giorn. Botan. Ital. n.s. 34. 665. 1927.

Punj.: Kanyurts.

Herbs, perennial, erect or ascending, stout, villous, hoary or glabrous, 30 - 90 cm high; stems paniculately branched, grooved. Leaves 2 - 5 cm long, very variable, sessile with a stipule-like appendage at the base; upper cauline leaves linear-cuneate, tip entire or acutely 2 - 8-fid or flabellately lobulate, rarely pinnatifid; uppermost leaves linear, entire, acute. Heads greenish white, pedicelled, secund in spreading panicled racemes, globose, 2 - 3 mm diam. Involucral bracts broadly oblong with broad scarious margins, ca 1 mm long; innermost almost hyaline. Receptacle naked. Outer florets, female, fertile; ca 1 mm long, female, fertile; corolla slender, obscurely 3-fid. Disc florets hermaphrodite, sterile, ca 1.5 mm long, tubular; limb 5-fid, lobes acute with purple tips. Achenes ellipsoid, very small, smooth.

Fl. & Fr. July - Dec.

Distrib. India: Temperate Himalayas, Indo-Gangetic Plain and Deccan Peninsula, between 1500-3000 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab (Rare), Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Orissa, Rajasthan, Karnataka and Kerala.

Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Afghanistan and Japan.

Notes. Highly variable with regard to the size and shape of the leaves. Hara et al. (Nepal, 1982) reported var. lanata Pamp. from Kashmir to Nepal. As there are no specimens available in any Indian Herbaria, this has been excluded from the main treatment. The plants are aromatic.

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