Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Artemisia macrocephala Jacq. ex Bess. in Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 9: 28. 1836; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 329. 1881.

Herbs, annual, erect, often decumbent, hoary tomentose, 10 - 20 cm high; branches many from base, rather stout, spreading in a circle. Leaves 1.5 - 2 cm long, 2-pinnatisect, white tomentose, lower petioled, gradually sessile upwards; segments linear, obtuse or obscurely acute. Heads shortly peduncled, secund, nodding, distantly racemed at the end of branches, broadly hemispheric, 0.8 - 1 cm in diam. Outer involucral bracts linear, 4 x 1 mm, herbaceous, tomentose; inner oblong, tomentose, with broad scarious margins, 2 - 4 x 1.5 - 2 mm. Receptacle hairy; hairs long, straight. Outer florets female, fertile 1.5 - 2.5 x 0.5 mm, fertile; corolla narrowly oblong, slightly dilated at the base, glandular, obscurely fid. Disc florets yellow hermaphrodite, fertile, tubular, 1.5 - 1.8 x 0.5 - 1 mm, hardly exserted, glandular; limb 5-fid, ovate, acute. Anthers acuminate. Achenes brown, oblanceolate, 1 x 0.8 mm, obscurely angled.

Fl. & Fr. July - Sept.

Distrib. India: W. Himalayas, along sandy river beds and alpine meadows, between 3000 - 4500 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

Pakistan, Afghanistan, W. Tibet, China and C. Asia.

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